How to detect and repair hydraulic cylinder leaks
What is a Hydraulic Cylinder
A hydraulic cylinder, also known as a hydraulic actuator, is a mechanical device that converts hydraulic energy into linear force and motion.
It is commonly used in various applications where controlled and powerful linear motion is required.The basic construction of a hydraulic
cylinder consists of a cylindrical barrel, piston, piston rod, and various seals. The barrel houses the piston assembly, which divides
the internal space into two chambers: the rod side (also called the blind side) and the cap side. The piston is fitted with seals to
prevent fluid leakage between these chambers.
How do i know if my hydraulic cylinder is leaking?
Leaks are indeed a common issue with hydraulic components, including Hydraulic Cylinders. While the most severe leaks are easily noticeable
by observing hydraulic fluid visibly coming from the cylinder, it's important to be aware of other signs that indicate a potential leakage problem.
To help identify an active leak, you can use a spray bottle filled with soapy water. Spray the soapy water onto suspected areas of the cylinder,
including seals and welds, which are commonly prone to leakage. If there is an active leak,
you will notice bubbles forming at the site of the leak when sprayed with soapy water.
If you suspect a leak in your hydraulic cylinder, it is recommended to remove the cylinder for closer inspection.
Carefully measure all diameters to ensure proper alignment and check for any visible signs of damage or wear on seals and welds.
Addressing leaks promptly is crucial to prevent further damage and maintain optimal performance of Hydraulic Systems.
Depending on the severity and cause of the leakage, repairs may involve replacing worn seals or addressing
any damaged components through appropriate maintenance procedures.
What causes a hydraulic cylinder to leak down?
When a hydraulic cylinder has a leakage issue, the hydraulic fluid seeps through cracks and enters the opposing region.
This can result in energy drain without being visibly noticeable on the machinery itself. It's only when operational managers and
staff observe a drop in performance that they realize there is a problem with the hydraulic cylinder. Since the fluid is contained inside,
internal leakages cannot be easily stopped without having the necessary tools for repair. This type of fluid leak is often referred
to as "leak down" because oil leaks down into the piston region of the cylinder.
Another potential cause of leakage in hydraulic cylinders is over-tightening of seals during construction, leading to cracks in
the cylinder's structure and ultimately affecting performance. Proper fitting and regular lubrication are vital to minimize future chances of leakages.
How to fix a leaking hydraulic cylinder?
1. Find out where the water is coming from: Carefully inspect the hydraulic cylinder and surrounding components to identify
the source of the leak. Look for visible signs of fluid buildup, wet spots, or damaged seals.
2. Fix or replace any broken components: If the leak is originating from hoses, seals, gaskets, or pipes, repair or replace
the damaged component accordingly. This may involve replacing seals or gaskets, repairing hoses, or replacing sections of pipes.
3. Perform a thorough inspection of all connections and retighten as required: Check all connections within the hydraulic system
and ensure they are securely fastened. Tighten any loose connections to prevent leaks.
4. Make sure the pressure release valve is working: Verify that the pressure release valve is functioning correctly to prevent
excessive pressure buildup in the system. If necessary, repair or replace the valve.
5. Take the leaky cylinder out of service and install a new one if needed: If repairs are not feasible or if the cylinder
continues to leak despite repair attempts, it may be necessary to remove it from service and replace it with a new cylinder
that fits accurately and has proper sealing capabilities.
6. Check fluid levels: Ensure that there is sufficient hydraulic fluid in both the reservoir and within the cylinder itself.
Use a hydrometer to measure fluid levels accurately. Low fluid levels can contribute to leaks in hydraulic systems.
7.Clean Components: Ensure all parts are clean from debris or contaminants that could affect proper sealing or operation.
If you have any questions about the hydraulic cylinder, please contact us immediately. SAIVS has experienced and professional
personnel who can help you solve the difficulties. We look forward to working with you!